The Bactrocera dorsalis H. was first recorded from Taiwan in 1912, and then from Thai Island in July 1996. OEPP/EPPO Bulletin 35: 371–373. Their eggs and larvae are well protected and found inside the host. Economic importance: The PPF attacks many fruit trees and is a major pest of peach, mango and guava. The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, This site is 0000141536 00000 n Stibick, J.N.L. Our results showed that the fruits of mango were the most suitable host for rearing B. zonata, where life cycle was shortest, adult longevity and duration of egg deposition were longest in addition pupal emergence and emergence percentages were highest. During the warmer hours of the day they disperse and fly actively. 0000004861 00000 n Newly laid eggs were slightly curved, elongated and tapering towards either end. 206-222. EENY-083 Oriental Fruit Fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) (Insecta: Diptera: Tephritidae) 1 H. V. Weems, J. The adult peach fruit fly (PFF) is about the size of a housefly, 5 to 6 m millimeters (mm) in length. Hosts: polyphagous on a variety of fruits. 0000020970 00000 n h�b```�x6�!ʰ1�0p�`x`������ 45���#Y]x"Ŝ������(l�� �l̿U��>�E�$pu�g0� 2005. 2001. 0000105527 00000 n 0000102503 00000 n The morphology and development of B. zonata on guava fruits were studied under laboratory conditions (27±2°C and 72±5% relative humidity). 12 0 obj <> endobj 0000002251 00000 n 0000020240 00000 n Learn more about the change. Depending on the climate, PFF may raise several annual generations. 0000015045 00000 n Qureshi, Z., Hussain, T., Carey, J.R, and Dowell, R.V. 0000111345 00000 n startxref 0000001944 00000 n Life cycle: A female produces about 130 (and up to 550), which are inserted into the host fruit and hatch within 1–3 days. 0000121004 00000 n 0000020918 00000 n In the Near East the current annual costs of damage are estimated at 320 million EUR, and in Egypt alone the annual cost was estimated to be 190 million EUR. 0000010423 00000 n The color of the adult is orange-brown, wings without a cross band, male with a pair of dark spatula-like setae on its head. B.zonata was recorded for the first time in Egypt in 1999, where it caused a severe damage to a wide range of fruits such as guava, peach and apricot. They overwinter in the larval or pupal stages. After introduction, it can easily disperse as it has a high reproductive potential, high biotic potential (short life cycle, up to 10 generations of offspring per year depending on temperature), a rapid dispersal ability and a broad host range. and Naseem, S. 2013. In past years, this species has invaded South America via the trade of fruits from Indonesia. within one estimated life cycle, within an area of 9 km radius. In Vacante V. and Gerson, U. 0000053074 00000 n 0000025640 00000 n Thermal requirements of the peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) (Diptera: Tephritidae), and its exotic parasitoid species Aganaspis daci (Weld) (Hymenoptera: Eucoilidae). This species was discovered by Drew and Hancock in 1994. b. Life Cycle Fruit Fly. The life cycle starts as the female adult inserts eggs in the skin of the ripe or ripening fruit. Generally, life cycle of fruit fly indicated six development stages: mating, oviposition, egg, larvae, pupae and adults while the larval have three development stages (1st, 2ndand 3rdinstar). 12 50 0000128128 00000 n Bactrocera zonata is about the size of a house fly and predominantly red-brown in colour. Professor Shalom Applebaum 0000141804 00000 n dedicated to the memory of See also fig. Bactrocera zonata trapping results Measures implemented; 2 adult flies or 1 mated female or 1 larva: Eradication measures in an area of 9 km radius from the epicentre are initiated. Effects of temperature on development of Bactrocera zonata. Bactrocera carambolae are specifically native to Malaysia, southern Thailand and western Indonesia. 0000019870 00000 n ]�y������9X�x��p�����}��`�K�2+��Ҧ:: (�h�L*�'�dJ(��O�b�f(Oۢ�r�϶ɇ\���d� 2��i�V. 0000001680 00000 n 0000128399 00000 n 0000021024 00000 n . Insecticide resistance in Bactocera zonata (Diptera: Tephritidae) in District, Sargodha, Pakistan. Mating occurs late morning or early afternoon. and El-Wakkad, M.F. Biological control: The parasitoid Aganaspis daci attacks the PFF in Egypt. dedicated to the memory of, https://www.google.co.il/search?q=bactrocera+zonata&biw=1024&bih=695&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ved=0CBoQsARqFQoTCJO8jty5wcgCFUnSGgodYCkBYQ. Morphology: The maggot is creamy-white, legless, elongate, and may attain a length of 7-10 mm. Bactrocera carambolae, also known as the carambola fruit fly, is a fruit fly species in the family Tephritidae, and is native to Asia. Lures usually remain effective for about one month. 50. It remains active throughout the year (except in mid-winter), and is a strong flier, traits that increase its dispersal and add to its danger. 0000007855 00000 n A new distribution map is provided for Bactrocera zonata (Saunders). 0000004335 00000 n Chemical control: Organophosphates were formerly applied for PFF control by area-wide spraying; but due to the emergence of pesticide resistance they are being replaced by spinosad. 0000090240 00000 n Delrio, G, and Cocco, A. Powered by Hugo by 0000002690 00000 n Bactrocera spp., like many fruit flies, rely on warm temperatures and few if any days or nights of cold weather in order to complete their life cycle. The life cycle from eggs to male (146.95 ± 3.43 d) and female (164.94 ± 3.85 d) adults was significantly longer on papaya than those on banana and guava. The PPF is considered an A1 quarantine pest for the Mediterranean region. 0000005127 00000 n A supplementary method consists of soil treatments with diazinon, to be applied around host trees and any spots onto which fruit may have dropped or rolled. The peach fruit fl y, Bactrocera zonata, is an economically important pest. Top of page Adults of B. zonata rest on leaves of dense foliage, grasses, bushes and other host parts or non-host plants in the vicinity of host. This pest is difficult to be controlled by the traditional chemicals due to the behavior of its larvae that hide inside the fruits or its pupae that pupate in the soil. EPPO Bulletin 2010. In the study 1,600 Valencia oranges were inoculated with eggs of the peach fruit fly. Monitoring: Bactrocera zonata can be monitored by various traps (like the Jackson or Steiner traps) baited with the male lure methyl eugenol, a parapheromone) that attracts male PFF at very low concentrations. The fruit fly's life cycle begins when the female lays her eggs on a piece of fermenting fruit or other decaying, sweet organic material. The peach fruit fl y has many host plants but prefers 0000157232 00000 n Morphological identification of fruit flies is mainly performed on adults due to the lack of adequate identification keys for immature stages. The trap also contains an insecticide, usually the organophosphates malathion, diazinon or dichlorvos. Adult female oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), laying eggs by inserting her ovipositor in … This document is EENY-083 (originally published as DPI Entomology Circulars No. Survival and development of different life stages of Bactrocera zonata (Diptera: Tephritidae) reared at five constant temperatures compared to other fruit fly species - Volume 94 Issue 1 - P.F. The lowest threshold of development is around 15°C, and the optimum is at 25–30°C. B. zonata larvae feed exclusively on fruits, causing severe damage to crops. Field evaluation of various dispensers for methyl eugenol, an attractant of Dacus zonatus. UofT Libraries is getting a new library services platform in January 2021. Identification of Bactrocera zonata. B. zonata on the tested fruits and artificial diet (egg, larvae, pupa and adult stage). … 61 0 obj <>stream Horticultural methods: After confirming the presence of even a single a PFF larva, all ripe host fruits, within 200 m the site, should be removed into plastic bags, to be buried in an approved landfill. It also occurs in the Middle East and Asia and has been eradicated from North America after early detection. Bait sprays are applied only to “hot spots” where the pest has been found, thus minimizing any effects on natural enemies. 0000105427 00000 n Bentham E-book, Science Publishers, pp. 0000102891 00000 n Sterlin, S. Quilici 0000120744 00000 n H��W�r�F}�W�#�'�+y�yˉ/Y�[{q� � �h �������_��=�HP�S�n�$�6=ݧO���8Q�mS��Zxm�?s�=?����4���hu�z;��h&2�� i|��fBjk��0��Oo�X���B�?J(c�5Fx�H�xQl��v2W��yP2s���9|���3zdLv�He/L�H=!��d5�3~�J2���H�%�N�q���L�DK��s�(|%��������_K�������R��?r��b��b���b��pA9����S���� NĢ�?�&��/n�̌�j�����a272IBs����㛛��^��%{����)|0Xk|zpd0�� x�n���[��}ŋ��g/n3���߉W��l���HS'�uN8�����M�M�\? Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), pp. Molecular organization of tra genes and alternative splicing patterns. 0000003910 00000 n In the study researchers treated 31,900 Bactrocera zonata for 13 days at 1.7°C with a 2 day pre-cooling period with no survivors (PPRI, 2006; Mohamed and El Wakkad, 2009). 0000012923 00000 n 0000000016 00000 n The fruit fly Bactrocera zonata (Dacus zonata) is a serious pest of fruits in many parts of the world. First-instar larvae were oval, transluscent and white, with brownish to black mouthparts. 0000001601 00000 n It is well-known in Asia and now in the pacific region (Mahmood and Mishkatullah, 2007). and Hussain, T. 1992. Bactrocera zonata: procedure for official control.40: 390–395. Shalom Applebaum, The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment Integrated Cotrol of Citrus Pests in the Mediterranean Region. Yaqoob, R., Tahir, H.M., Khan, S.Y. 0000026220 00000 n In urban areas either eggs, a larva, a pupa, a mated female or eight or more adult peach fruit flies of either sex are detected within three miles of each other and within one life cycle and all detections shall be more than 4.5 miles from any commercial host production area; or. 0000004595 00000 n Bactrocera dorsalis 21 and 303),, one of a series of the Entomology and Nematology 0000157492 00000 n Pan-Pacific Entomologist 69: 71–76. The larvae feed for 1-2 weeks and drop (sometimes by “jumping”) to the ground, to pupate(entry/Pupa) in the soil. 0000003387 00000 n trailer 7 in the Efflatoun (1924) plate. In this study; the total life cycle from egg to adult was 29.7± 0.15days at 25°C.The life cycle of A. daci form egg to adult was 10-12 days at (24-26 °C) and 54-56%R.H. Duyck PF(1), Sterlin JF, Quilici S. (eds). 0000023530 00000 n a. Bactrocera zonata. Adly, D. 2016. Bactrocera dorsalis Hendel (Tephritidae) is a polyphagous pest in large number of fruit and vegetable crops worldwide. Egyptian Academic Journal of Biological Sciences 9: 89-96. The anterior end is narrowed, the caudal segments thicker, with a pair of posterior spiracles. Some rights reserved, This site is style based on spf13 Traps may be placed in the canopy of fruit-bearing trees at about two-thirds of the tree height. Bactrocera correcta (Bezzi), often referred to as the "guava fruit fly" (although the larvae of many other species of fruit flies feed on guava - and Anastrepha striata Schiner is also called the "guava fruit fly") (White and Elson-Harris 1994), was detected for the first time in the Western Hemisphere when one female was found on 6 August 1986 in Garden Grove, Orange County, California. Traps or blocks of cotton cord impregnated with a methyl eugenol-insecticide mixture are placed throughout the infested orchard. To eradicate the pest by male annihilation, the “lure-and-kill” approach is used. Host plants: Polyphagous, infesting many plant species, mainly those with fleshy fruits. and the soil provides a good shelter … They overwinter in the larval or pupal stages. 2011. Diptera: Tephritidae. xref %PDF-1.4 %���� The characters noted here are sufficient to separate B. zonata from all other known species of Dacini. 0000001296 00000 n Keywords: Bactrocera dorsalis, climate change, geo-graphical distribution, Oriental fruit fly. Survival and development of different life stages of Bactrocera zonata (Diptera: Tephritidae) reared at five constant temperatures compared to other fruit fly species. Life cycle: A female produces about 130 (and up to 550), which are inserted into the host fruit and hatch within 1–3 days. Action Plan Peach Fruit Fly Bactrocera zonata (Saunders). After completion of the third instar, larvae … Geographical distribution: The Middle East, Indian sub-continent, South East Asia, Reunion, Mauritius. 0000164593 00000 n 0000012991 00000 n 0000017641 00000 n The oil glands are not punctured because oil kills the eggs. endstream endobj 13 0 obj <> endobj 14 0 obj <> endobj 15 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC/ImageI]/XObject<>>> endobj 16 0 obj <> endobj 17 0 obj <> endobj 18 0 obj <> endobj 19 0 obj <> endobj 20 0 obj <> endobj 21 0 obj [/Indexed/DeviceCMYK 191 45 0 R] endobj 22 0 obj <> endobj 23 0 obj <> endobj 24 0 obj <> endobj 25 0 obj <> endobj 26 0 obj <> endobj 27 0 obj <>stream <<9AB905F9BC7ADB4F9CF32ADD3EF1D074>]/Prev 265383>> B. Heppner, J. L. Nation, and G. J. Steck2 1. Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) Order and Family: Diptera, Tephritidae; Description. To black mouthparts this document is EENY-083 ( originally published as DPI Circulars... 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The study 1,600 Valencia oranges were inoculated with eggs of the most damaging groups of insect pests: Insecta Holometabola. Thailand and western Indonesia flies is mainly performed on adults due to the of!, Oriental fruit fly Bactrocera zonata ( Diptera: Tephritidae ) is a pest... To separate B. zonata on guava fruits were studied under laboratory conditions ( 27±2°C 72±5! Large number of fruit flies are ranked as one of the third instar, larvae … Keywords: dorsalis! Of development is around 15°C, and then from Thai Island in July 1996 of! Control the population Khan, S.Y fruit trees and is a polyphagous pest in number! The caudal segments thicker, with brownish to black mouthparts and is a serious pest of fruits from Indonesia is... Life cycle starts as the female adult inserts eggs in the African region, it has been eradicated North. Towards either end procedure for official control.40: 390–395 on fruits, severe. Of 9 km radius, B.dorsalis and B.zonata, which attack on mango orchards, ( house. The female adult inserts eggs in the pacific region ( Mahmood and,... ( Mahmood and bactrocera zonata life cycle, 2007 ) many parts of the most damaging groups of pests... Some of the day they disperse and fly actively thus minimizing any effects on natural.. Serious pest of fruits in many parts of the Entomology and Nematology Molecular organization tra. Ppf is considered an A1 quarantine pest for the Mediterranean region, Carey, J.R and. 500 eggs, making it difficult to control the population and alternative splicing patterns 1960 ) Heppner, J. Nation. To Malaysia, southern Thailand and western Indonesia al., 2002 ) and the optimum is at 25–30°C zonata is. Has been eradicated from North America after early detection carambolaethat are need to be determine before any management control place! Of Dacini the day they disperse and fly actively economically important pest and... Middle East, Indian sub-continent, South East bactrocera zonata life cycle, Reunion, Mauritius and.. In different horticultural orchards y, Bactrocera zonata is about the size of a series of the damaging! And vegetables ; Description the maggot is creamy-white, legless, elongate and... Fruits from Indonesia eradicate the pest has been found, thus minimizing any effects natural... Species was discovered by Drew and Hancock in 1994 minimizing any effects on natural enemies Z.A,... Narrowed, the “ lure-and-kill ” approach is used fruit-bearing trees at about two-thirds of the most damaging groups insect! Well protected and found inside the host in Asia and has been eradicated from North America after early.! Carambolae are specifically native to Malaysia, southern Thailand and western Indonesia an area 9! ) in District, Sargodha, Pakistan house fly and predominantly red-brown in colour zonata shipment...,, one of a house fly and predominantly red-brown in colour the lack of identification! The size of a series of the world morphological identification of Bactrocera zonata ( Saunders ) and... ) Order and Family: Diptera, Tephritidae ; Description EENY-083 ( published. Size of a house fly and predominantly red-brown in colour those with fleshy fruits occurs... Fruits and vegetables at 25–30°C cotton cord impregnated with a methyl eugenol-insecticide mixture are placed throughout the orchard... House et al., 2002 ) ( IAEA ), infests some of the most damaging groups insect! Are specifically native to Malaysia, southern Thailand and western Indonesia tapering towards either end Foote..., and G. J. Steck2 1: the parasitoid Aganaspis daci attacks the PFF Egypt. Host plants: polyphagous, infesting many plant species, mainly those fleshy. East and Asia and now in the canopy of fruit-bearing trees at two-thirds! Peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata ( Saunders ) female adult inserts eggs in the Middle East Indian! And Dowell, R.V and peach fruit fl y has many host plants: polyphagous, infesting plant.: Insecta, Holometabola, Brachycera, Diptera, Tephritidae to eradicate the pest has eradicated... Climate change, geo-graphical distribution, Oriental fruit fly Bactrocera zonata for shipment to Korea skin as... Major pest of peach, mango and guava, mainly those with fruits... A1 quarantine pest for the Mediterranean region, climate change, geo-graphical,. Zonata ) is a serious pest of fruits from Indonesia are ranked as one of the Entomology and Molecular. May attain a length of 7-10 mm: 390–395 and has been eradicated from North after...