Searching the soul and striving always to understand and attain total enlightenment. When harvested in July, adlittorals have higher yields than deeper growing cultivars, but not necessarily when harvested in September. [19][20][25][27][28] The large, starch rich rhizomes are easy to dig out of the drained soil. Average yield of these cultivars in China is 1.05–1.9 t/ha (0.5–0.8 tons/acre) of dry seeds and weight of thousand seeds between 1,020 to 1,800 g (36 to 63 oz). King Lotus. Roots of these varieties are thin, fibrous and do not form good rhizomes. L. By Le Manh Thang. Isolation, estimation and characterization of starch from rhizomes of Nelumbo nuciferaGaertn (Fam. Pink: Flowers that are pink call to mind the history of the Buddha and the religion which he founded. Leaf stem and flower stem rise up the surface of the water. Nelumbo nucifera shows high potential for usage in wastewater treatment removing polluting compounds[43] and heavy metals. Photo about Vietnamese flower, pure white lotus flower, symbol of Vietnam at Mekong Delta, closeup of beautiful bloossom, flower bud ob green background. To the Vietnamese, the lotus is known as an exquisite flower that symbolizes purity, serenity, commitment and optimism towards the future. The genome of the sacred lotus was sequenced in May 2013. "Isolation and preparation of flavonoids from the leaves of Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn by preparative reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography. This treatment is related to high cost and inefficient cleaning process before eating the rhizomes. The lotus flower symbolizes Buddhist detachment, Why is the National Flower of Vietnam the Lotus. The lotus symbol in Vietnam is the icon of Vietnamese characters and has interesting meanings in various aspects such as the culture, arts, and foods. The lotus flower in West Lake (Hanoi) has a long known aroma, lotus stigma after being taken from fresh lotus flowers to bring immediately marinated with tea to keep the fragrance. ... During Vietnam’s wars of resistance and its process of national rebuilding, reporters from the Vietnam News … Special stacking with silver sand[clarification needed] and soil results in five to six layers that prevent water loss, thus the rhizome stays fresh for up to two months. … [31] Salads with prawns, sesame oil or coriander leaves are also popular. Water Lilies Lotus Pond. [77], After lotus seed germination, crude protein and fat levels in the endosperm significantly increase. [18] In regions with low light levels in winter, the sacred lotus has a period of dormancy. Lotus flower - National flower of Vietnam (Source: vnexpress.net) There has been a longstanding love for the lotus flower when it comes to Vietnam, its people and culture with the plant being cited in many traditional folk songs and poems. A couple of friends and I visited a Lotus flower field in the afternoon in rural Vietnam. The lotus is part of Vietnamese cuisine While the lotus flower is used for tea, the stem is used in Vietnamese-style salads, called Gỏi. A well-known image in Buddhist and Vietnamese culture, and the native flower for both Vietnam and India, the lotus flower carries with it tremendous symbolic weight. "Benzylisoquinoline Alkaloids Biosynthesis in Sacred Lotus." As for this, the f… [79] In Asian art a lotus throne is a stylized lotus flower used as the seat or base for a figure. Varieties that show more than one of these characteristics are classified by the strongest feature. Currently most rhizomes are consumed fresh and it is not common to store them due to their poor shelf life performance. The lotus is an iconic flower of purity and appears in many ancient Asian cultures. Lotus Flower #2 Vietnam. [56][42] Because of the special role in human health and richness in nutrients and bioactive substances, the Chinese Ministry of Health approved the use of N. nucifera as both "food and medicine". [29], The most widely used system is crop rotation with rice and vegetables. [19] A majority of lotus production takes place in managed farming systems in ponds or flooded fields like rice. Lotus flower, despite being nurtured in mud, still grow out pure and glowing, like morning dew from early morning or water in springtime. It is what all humans should aspire to, but are not likely to reach in our lifetimes. [19] Furthermore, tissue culture is a promising propagation method for the future to produce high volumes of uniform, true-to-type, disease free materials. The rhizomes are then harvested next March. Traditional sun baking combining with charcoal processing dries the seeds but results in loss of nutrients. Stands of lotus drop hundreds of thousands of seeds every year to the bottom of the pond. Ind Drugs 1995; 32: 392–397. Gold: The color gold indicates the achievement of complete enlightenment, which is what took place inside of the Buddha himself. A Limited Edition, she is available to order only until April 10, 2018. There are various uses for the flowers of the lotus. It is also used as a wrap for steaming rice and sticky rice and other steamed dishes in Southeast Asian cuisine, such as lo mai gai in Chinese cuisine or kao hor bai bua (Thai: ข้าวห่อใบบัว), fried rice wrapped in lotus leaf in Thai cuisine. A bunch of beautiful pink lotus flowers. In Korea, lotus flower tea (연꽃차 yeon'kkot-cha) is made from the dried petals of the white lotus. Lotus has a lot of effects and meaning in the cuisine. It seems to be symbol of love and romantic. This system is applicable if the propagule (small piece of rhizome) can be planted early in the year. Pre-mature (early) cultivars are harvested before the end of July, serotinous (late) cultivars from September on and mid-serotinous or mid-matutinal cultivars are in between these harvest times. [6], The roots of lotus are planted in the soil of the pond or river bottom, while the leaves float on the water's surface or are held well above it. [43] Due to intense agricultural practices, nitrogen and phosphorus pollution are major problems in aquatic systems. In north and eastern regions of India, the stalk of the flower is used to prepare a soup called "kamal gatte ki sabji" (Hindi: कमल गट्टे की सब्जी) and starter called "kamal kakdi pakode" (Hindi: कमल ककडी पकौडे).In South Indian states, the lotus stem is sliced, marinated with salt to dry, and the dried slices are fried and used as a side dish. The minimum water depth is about 30 cm (12 in). [36] The binding and disintegration properties of isolated Nelumbo starch have been compared with maize and potato starch; Nelumbo starch is shown to be superior as an adjuvant in the preparation of tablets. [13][14][15], The Sacred Lotus grows in water up to 2.5 m (8 ft) deep. The Vietnamese people are as one with the lotus flower. Then a maximum of approximately 4000 rhizome pieces per hectare (10000 per acre)[26] are used to plant directly into the mud 10–15 cm (3.9–5.9 in) below the soil surface. At night the flower closes and sinks underwater and rises and opens again at dawn. agriculture ao dai asian beautiful beautiful-woman-vietnam beauty dress flower girl hanoi vietnam girl happy indochina girl leaf cones lifestyle lonely girl in ao dai long-dress vietnamese lotus lotus flowers nature outdoor people person portrait pretty … [26] The main popular cultivars for seed production in China are Cunsanlian, Xianglian 1, Zilian 2, Jianlian, Ganlian 62 and Taikong 36. At night, the flower will close and sink beneath the water. [71], Not only do these seeds contain proteins of high quality and are rich in variety of essential amino acids including high contents of albumin (42%) and globulin (27%), they also contain unsaturated fatty acids, carbohydrates, vitamins, calcium, iron, zinc, phosphorus and other trace elements. The rhizomes are harvested in July, after which rice can be planted into the same field. Soon, lotus buds will bloom and give you many happiness. People noticed that the flower of the lotus would grow from the bottom of pools that had dried up after the monsoon rains hit. A famous Vietnamese song, “Doa hoa vo thuong”, is about the lotus flower — have a listen. [29] In Australia, the cultivar grown for the fresh rhizome market is Quangdong and in Japan the common rhizome cultivars are Tenno and Bitchu. Zheng B, Zheng J, Zeng S (2003) Analysis of the nutritional composition in Chinese main lotus seed varieties. In this manner, they should strive to make their surroundings, not just their physical selves, but the mental, spiritual, and emotional sides as beautiful as possible. It is also the symbol of purity, commitment and optimism for the future. [80][81][82][83][84], "Lotus Flower" redirects here. [2] Therefore, the Chinese regards the plant as the symbol of longevity. The distinctive dried seed heads, which resemble the spouts of watering cans, are widely sold throughout the world for decorative purposes and for dried flower arranging. As the temperature drops, the flower oxidizes carbohydrates to produce heat.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'richardalois_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_4',160,'0','0'])); The lotus flower symbolizes Buddhist detachment; the way that water slides off lotus petals represents the detachment aspect of their faith, which tells them to let go of lusts, cravings and desires. In fact, several older systems, such as the Bentham & Hooker system (which is widely used in the Indian subcontinent) refer to the lotus by its old synonym of Nymphaea nelumbo. [29], Another alternative way is to not harvest the lotus rhizome, although it is ripe. The lotus is found throughout Vietnam in the muddy water of lakes and ponds. From professional translators, enterprises, web pages and freely available translation repositories. It is also known that Vietnamese civilization came forth from the Red River delta, and the Mekong delta where the cultivation of wet-rice, rice planting, and fishing were the main ways of surviving. Because of this, the flower has come to symbolize the divine beauty that can emerge from impurity and those dark, scary places in our souls that none of us like to visit, plus the growth and success of the Vietnamese people that has occured over the last 5,000 years.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'richardalois_com-banner-1','ezslot_6',162,'0','0'])); There is no other flower that is quite like the lotus. The Vietnamese has a famous folk poems meaning that “In the pond, nothing’s more beautiful than lotus, the flower of the dawn”. Older systems, such as the Cronquist system, place N. nucifera and its relatives in the order Nymphaeles based on anatomical similarities. The Vietnamese have long loved the lotus flower and considered it an integeral part of their culture. 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