Jesus, The Cornerstone (2:6) Peter quotes Isaiah 28:16 and applies the Messianic stone reference to Jesus. 10:34). 1 Peter 5:10 "But the God of all grace, who hath called us unto his eternal glory by Christ Jesus, after that ye have suffered a while, make you perfect, stablish, strengthen, settle [you]." In 4:12 the term “trial by fire” describes a process used in the testing of metals,[75]Kelly, p. 184. jQuery("#footnote_plugin_tooltip_75").tooltip({ tip: "#footnote_plugin_tooltip_text_75", tipClass: "footnote_tooltip", effect: "fade", fadeOutSpeed: 100, predelay: 400, position: "top right", relative: true, offset: [10, 10] }); and Christians are urged not to be astonished by its strangeness or unexpectedness. 8:13 and applies it directly to Jesus Christ. The Lord clearly singled out Peter for In 4:18 Peter argues from a major point to a minor deduction from it. In 3:22 Peter concluded his description of the vindication of Christ by picturing Christ’s present condition as enthroned in majesty before God in a position of privilege and rank. was common in the ancient Roman world (compare Paul and Tertius; Romans 16:22), She is to submit to him (same verb root as in 2:13, 18) by giving to him a final responsibility for decision concerning major goals and aims of the household. ancient Babylon in Mesopotamia is a possibility; but it would be quite unlikely A description of the people of God, A living spiritual body serving God sacrificially (2:4-5), A building founded on Christ as the foundation stone (2:6-8), A chosen group reflecting the excellencies of their deliverer (2:9-10), Second preaching section (2:11-3:12). 4:13), could not have written in sophisticated Greek, especially in light of the Sorely pressed Christians are urged to bless their tormentors, and the ground for this blessing is the mercy received by God. Commentary on 1 Peter 4:12-19. Beyond these evidences of Peter’s ability in Greek, Peter Serving God in Everything (1 Peter 4:1-11) by Dr. Ralph F. Wilson Audio. Christians had set the fires. The humility of 5:5 is an attitude primarily to be shown to people. Christians, though most greatly privileged, should also know that the Love is our priority: it is “above all things” or, more literally, “before all things” ( pro pantōn) (1 Pet. Such a situation is tailor-made for Satan. The psalm describes a person who lives a life which is worthwhile. To download full issues and find more information on the Southwestern Journal of Theology, go to swbts.edu/journal. Peter, before the baptism of the Holy Ghost denied Jesus as the Christ 3 times. the baptism of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost, and Peter after the baptism. Bkmrk. hostility. letter teaches, for example, that Christ is the Stone rejected by the builder Originally known as The husband is told to recognize the wife’s more limited physical powers and to see her spiritually as a full heir of the grace of God. Peter's mother-in-law had been healed composition of the more classical Greek. While looking for His second coming. The people were homeless and hopeless. The fact that both are joint heirs of God’s grace becomes an incentive to show this honor. Since Christ suffered for us in the flesh, arm yourselves also with the same mind: The commitment God calls us to have is nothing greater than the commitment Jesus had in enduring suffering for our salvation. The suffering which the Christian is to undertake is a co-crucifixion with Christ or a dying to self. However, James and Paul and died as a martyr near Rome about two years after he wrote “Care” comes from a root meaning to divide, and it pictures a believer beset with fear and fright which hinders his service. * Jesus healed Peter’s mother-in-law of a fever – Matthew 8:14,15. What does 1 Peter 4:8 mean? The term “happy” or ‘blessed” reminds one of Jesus’ promises to the persecuted in Matt. Christ was made alive by the Holy Spirit, but the use of “Spirit” in 3:18 does not show the means by which Christ was raised from the dead but the sphere in which he was raised. What did Jesus preach? categories of truth. Peter writes that Christians should do this "above all." Many had been killed. The work of the Trinity described, First teaching section (1:3-12). letter (5:13). But even if this happens, we should be glad. The passive voice may lend weight to this view (see discussion in Kistemaker, p. 140). To be reproached for the name of Christ means that they are persecuted on account of their loyalty to Christ. Such love manifests itself in unlimited sacrifice for others. His call is to put aside vindictiveness and to express positive good will in word and deed. acknowledging that Silvanus served as his secretary, or amanuensis. Peter continues his application of truths for his suffering and persecuted readers in 3:18-22. 1. Their citizenship is in heaven and they are [60]The most complete discussion of this passage is in Selwyn, pp. Matt. The “proper time” when God will exalt his people is the time when all the suffering and tribulation are finished and Jesus Christ has appeared in glory. and secretaries often could aid with syntax and grammar. They are to function with the right motive, not that of material gain, but with the sheer delight which comes from enthusiasm. The death of Christ occurred in the realm of the flesh, the earthly. 1-peter 2:4 To whom coming, as unto a living stone, disallowed indeed of men, but chosen of God, and precious, 1 Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, to the strangers scattered throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia,. 19), the purpose of this letter was to teach them how to live victoriously in Simon (Greek), or Simeon (Hebrew); compare (Mark 1:16; John 1:40-41). The reference in 5:13 to “she who is in Babylon” has been seen by some as a reference to Peter’s wife. In 3:18 the objective accomplishments of Christ in his resurrection and ascension are discussed. Their bitter resentment was severe, so Nero realized that he had to redirect the The church which had been so persecuted will finally be perfected, established in all glory due to it, and the ground which had been shaken by persecution will once again be steadied beneath the feet of its members. [52]Ibid., p. 132. jQuery("#footnote_plugin_tooltip_52").tooltip({ tip: "#footnote_plugin_tooltip_text_52", tipClass: "footnote_tooltip", effect: "fade", fadeOutSpeed: 100, predelay: 400, position: "top right", relative: true, offset: [10, 10] }); A command for the husband is given in 3:7. The rabbis saw the text as demonstrating Sara’s obedience to Abraham. 1:8, 9). [62]Stibbs, p. 143. jQuery("#footnote_plugin_tooltip_62").tooltip({ tip: "#footnote_plugin_tooltip_text_62", tipClass: "footnote_tooltip", effect: "fade", fadeOutSpeed: 100, predelay: 400, position: "top right", relative: true, offset: [10, 10] }); These “spirits” may be seen as supernatural beings or wicked angels who, in accord with Gen. 6:1-4, lusted after the daughters of men and father giant children by them. This command does not call for opposing their persecutors, but it demands a steadfastness under persecution so that they might not commit apostasy. emperor, Nero, had set the city on fire, probably because of his incredible lust The Humility speaks of an attitude which consists of lowliness of mind. The explanation of the salvation, 1 Peter 1:3b c. The nature of the salvation, 1 Peter 1:3c-4 ... 1 Peter 2:4-8 a. sufferings of Christ (5:1; compare 3:18; 4:1). The context is the key to determining the correct understanding of this passage, especially the comparison of a thousand years to one day. And we should praise God that we are Christians (1 Peter 4:12-19). There are many outstanding In the light of Christ’s return Peter makes some practical demands of discipleship in 4:7-11. καλύπτει πλῆθος ἁμαρτιῶν , because love covers a multitude of sins ) Proverbs 10:12 , Septuagint, πάντας δὲ τοὺς μὴ φιλονεικοῦντας καλύψει φιλία , friendship shall cover all … [⇑ See verse text ⇑] For the second time in this letter (1 Peter 1:22), Peter commands Christians to work hard at loving each other. (John 13:3-5). chapter 10; Mark A busybody is a supervisor of matters which are not his own business. The term “hand of God” often appears in Scripture in reference to the discipline of God (see Psa. Instead of being surprised, Christians should rejoice (4:13). Detail of Albrecht Dürer (1471-1528), 'St Peter and St John Healing the Cripple' (1513), engraving, 118 x 74 mm, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. In times of persecution, writers exercised unusual care not to endanger as Silas. The “chaste” behavior of the wife is not limited merely to sexual purity, but it describes her actions as pure, simple, and sincere. The conscience was a right attitude toward God from which a right attitude toward man emerged. [71]Best, p. 153. jQuery("#footnote_plugin_tooltip_71").tooltip({ tip: "#footnote_plugin_tooltip_text_71", tipClass: "footnote_tooltip", effect: "fade", fadeOutSpeed: 100, predelay: 400, position: "top right", relative: true, offset: [10, 10] }); These sins would suggest that the readers came from a pagan background. Christ made a triumphant announcement that the power of these disobedient creatures had been broken. Commentary on 1 Peter 2:1-10 (Read 1 Peter 2:1-10) Evil-speaking is a sign of malice and guile in the heart; and hinders our profiting by the word of God. Our joy through trials is a result of suffering for Christ's sake. But even if this happens, we should be glad. Believers are constantly exposed to a world system Thus the Christian life can be The care resulting from the circumstances of persecution (5:7) must not be permitted to distract Christians and prevent their complete devotion. Title: The The suffering Christian must seek to determine what profit or understanding   God intended for him. The person who accepts what God ordains will leave the resolution of these anxieties to God. less classical style of Greek (employed in the writing of 2 Peter). government and civil disobedience (2:13-17)? He is anxious that they respond in a righteous manner to those who had caused their suffering (3:13-17), and he presents the example of Christ’s ultimate vindication even though he suffered (3:18-22). His argument is difficult to interpret, but he seems to be indicating that the work of Christ was vindicated by a personal announcement to some who had rejected the offer of God’s mercy. The resurrection or quickening took place in the realm of the Spirit, the divine existence. 42 He brought him to Jesus. Thus, a vicious persecution against Christians They are encouraged to be glad because of their sharing in the glory of the Lord. 1 Peter chapter 4 KJV (King James Version) 1 Forasmuch then as Christ hath suffered for us in the flesh, arm yourselves likewise with the same mind: for he that hath suffered in the flesh hath ceased from sin;. The method and nature of salvation, A salvation based on the hope inspired by Christ’s resurrection   (1:3-5), A salvation secured through a faith deepened in trial (1:6-9), A salvation reported by the prophets who described its grace and glory (1:10-12), First preaching section (1:13-2:3). Q4. The attitude of the believer toward others is not to be determined by the response from others but by God’s merciful attitude and the quality of life to which he was called. (BDAG 595-596).Only in verse 8 is a different word used -- petra, in reference to a rock to stumble over.Lithos is used primarily of worked and shaped stones used for various purposes. energized by Satan and his demons. Fort Worth, Texas. When Peter failed to acknowledge that he was a disciple of Christ, he feared man more than he feared God. Both then and now, the use of the metaphor “spiritual house” (1 Pet. Peter was actually two men. Title: The letter has always been identified (as are most general epistles, like James, John and Jude), with the name of the author, Peter. 1:30). It could have been true that Christians filled with new zeal were   meddling   in the lives of non-Christians. 3:14-16). [Ibid., p. The persecution which they face will not last long, for it is but for a while. 1. Since elders were the most visible part of the church, Peter may have needed to prepare them for steadfastness. “uneducated’ does not mean that he was illiterate, but only that he was without 9:27). Detractors were spitefully abusing the behavior of the Christians, and Peter wants his readers to silence these accusations by good conduct. In 3:5 the “holy” women are those Old Testament women who belonged to God’s holy people and who preferred interior to exterior adornments. Peter was the son of Jonas (Matt. Peter is going to use three quotations from the scriptures to further identify who we are as the people of God. These same accusers must eventually answer to God for the words and deeds of this life (4:5). Peter quotes Psa. How should a Christian lady The “amazement” or “fear” of 3:6 is that inspired in the wife by a husband displeased with the new faith of his wife. In this context the “evildoers” would refer to those Christians who demonstrate an intemperate reaction to persecution. Peter here sees humility as a garment to be tied on as an apron. Each section contains a the leader among Christ’s apostles. Christ renamed him Peter (Greek), or Cephas (Aramaic), both words Originally known as Simon (Greek), or Simeon (Hebrew); compare (Mark 1:16; John 1:40-41). God is to be praised in that the service of human beings is seen as the overflowing of God’s goodness and kindness. The gospel writers emphasize this fact by The mention of God as faithful suggests that he is willing to guard his own, and the description of him as Creator signifies his ability to do just that. We should tell them gently about Jesus (1 Peter 3:15). evidences, it is noteworthy that the early Christians universally recognized restoration. Following the construction of 1 Peter 2:7 adopted by him, Hofmann takes ΟἹ ΠΡΟΣΚΌΠΤΟΥΣΙΝ not as an adjunct referring to what precedes, but as protasis to the subsequent ΕἸς Ὅ, which, according to him, contains the apodosis expressed in the form of an exclamation. Taurus mountains, like Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia and Bithynia (1:1), and “Dead” must be taken in the same literal sense as in 1 Peter 4:5, which refutes the explanation “dead” in sins. as being hostile to the Roman culture. Gifts related to speaking and serving are mentioned in 4:11. There was an element of finality in Christ’s sufferings in that he has “once” suffered. email us at: Peter, according to some traditions, followed Peter saw most of the miracles Jesus did. 5:12). called Peter, he left his nets and followed Jesus. [49]Best, p. 124. jQuery("#footnote_plugin_tooltip_49").tooltip({ tip: "#footnote_plugin_tooltip_text_49", tipClass: "footnote_tooltip", effect: "fade", fadeOutSpeed: 100, predelay: 400, position: "top right", relative: true, offset: [10, 10] }); In 3:1, 2 Peter portrays the role of the woman in living with a husband who shows strong opposition to the gospel. 16:17), who was also known as John (John 1:42), and a Christians are not to do in their present period of life the things characteristic of the former period. The term “follower” actually means “zealot.” The   Christian is not to be a zealot for revolutionary activity but for the good. To sobriety and watchfulness: ldblquote Be you therefore sober, 1 Peter 4:7. Peter wished to impress on his readers that by living an In 4:19 Peter urges that there is no ultimate escape in apostasy, and Christians should see suffering as a means used by God to bring them to fuller holiness. Malefactors should expect suffering as the   consequence of their wrongdoing. Christians are to resist Satan firmly (5:9). This passage is structured like a sandwich, two pieces of bread with meat in between. See 1 Peter 2:9 (printed above under question #4) Our Christian calling is further described as the calling to “display the virtues of him who called you.” That is to say, by the grace of God we are called to live a Christ-like life and in so doing we will be reflecting and exhibiting the very virtues of God Himself. [78]Stibbs, p. 165. jQuery("#footnote_plugin_tooltip_78").tooltip({ tip: "#footnote_plugin_tooltip_text_78", tipClass: "footnote_tooltip", effect: "fade", fadeOutSpeed: 100, predelay: 400, position: "top right", relative: true, offset: [10, 10] }); Some of the leaders to whom Peter wrote may have needed this encouragement because of the duties and burdens of leadership, particularly the danger to leaders in times of persecution. The character and function of believers, 1 Peter 2:5 c. The character and effect of Christ the cornerstone, 1 Peter 2:6-8 Such hospitality was costly both in time and money, it was to be given without complaining. Be sober “Sober” literally signifies to abstain from wine. The readers of 1 Peter, then, have in some sense replaced the house of Israel as God’s new people. parading them before the unbelievers to show what a sham the church is. This is the same Peter, who was chosen with James and John This lesson in Peter’s second epistle looks at what Peter says immediately after his greeting. One way these spirits work is by the son of Jonas (Matt. Webmaster@bible-studys.org Three locations have been suggested for this “Babylon”. It also tells the response of a believer to that death (see Rom. Christians must also avoid carelessness because their adversary Satan can overpower them (5:8, 9). An humble mind was a new quality of life introduced into the Hellenistic world by Christians. In 2:1-3, Peter has moved on to the concept of growth, once again brought about by the Word. The very nature of God is love (1 Jn 4:8), for God loves us with an everlasting, unconditional love. 1 Peter 1:13, 1 Peter 5:8. The adverb ektenōs in 1:22 and the adjective ektenēs in 4:8 means “with full intensity” (literally “stretched out,” or “at full stretch.”) Various English translations of 1 Peter 1:22 and 1 Peter 4:8 have Peter urging the Christians to love fervently, deeply, earnestly or constantly. All the religious elements of their life were Peter’s reference here may have been based on his sleeping in the Garden of Gethsemane and also on his subsequent compromise (see Mark 14:37-40, 66-72). In this way, 1 Peter might be called the Job of the New Testament, providing encouragement for the true believer to continue on in the way that Jesus has laid out for all His followers. There was also a Babylon in Egypt, as well as in Mesopotamia, but there is no particular reason to see either of these as the place of writing. Apparently during this same time Jesus also preached a message of salvation to the faithful dead in Abraham’s Bosom (Luke 16:22) who anticipated the work of the Messiah for them. The mention of “Mark” is a reference to John Mark who, according to church tradition, was the interpreter of Peter in the authorship of the second gospel. Sara, the wife of Abraham, is presented in 3:5, 6 as an example of a woman who adorned herself with habits of godliness. Peter, before [64]Bigg, pp. Peter's first command in this passage was to keep our minds clear and alert so we can pray. If 1 Peter was written later still, as many Bible scholars suggest, then the Temple would have already been destroyed at the time of writing, and the words in 1 Peter 2:4-10 would have had even greater significance to the original recipients. The term “likewise” suggests that the husband is to show a deference to the wife just as the wife has been told to behave. 6:16).. But more is implied by this statement in that Peter is 1 Peter: Trials, Holy Living & The Lord's Coming Click chart to enlarge Chart from Jensen's Survey of the NT - used by permission Another Chart from Charles Swindoll - click chart on right side. Again, the consistent teaching of the New Testament seems to be that men are held accountable for their response to the truth of God in this life without being offered an additional chance after physical death (see Romans 1:18-25). The Greek word translated as "deeply," "earnestly," or "fervently" is ektenē, used to describe the muscles of an athlete straining to win a race. [56]Kelly, p. 138. jQuery("#footnote_plugin_tooltip_56").tooltip({ tip: "#footnote_plugin_tooltip_text_56", tipClass: "footnote_tooltip", effect: "fade", fadeOutSpeed: 100, predelay: 400, position: "top right", relative: true, offset: [10, 10] }); VI. Jesus, The Cornerstone (2:6) Peter quotes Isaiah 28:16 and applies the Messianic stone reference to Jesus. The material in this Setting: When the city of Rome burned, the Romans believed that their Peter was actually two men. [69]Best, p. 150. jQuery("#footnote_plugin_tooltip_69").tooltip({ tip: "#footnote_plugin_tooltip_text_69", tipClass: "footnote_tooltip", effect: "fade", fadeOutSpeed: 100, predelay: 400, position: "top right", relative: true, offset: [10, 10] }); Believers then and now are not at the mercy of demonic hordes but are under the control of the victorious, ascended Christ. What should a Christian employee’s strangers in a hostile, Satan-energized world. The Romans were totally devastated. “Drunkenness, carousals, and drinking parties” describe sins of intemperance. One day they willlive with God in heaven and share God’s *glory. attitude be toward a hostile employer (2:18)? Jesus said, in Matthew 16:18 "And I say also unto thee, That thou art Dictation Such love manifests itself in unlimited sacrifice for others. was. Appeals and promises to the persecuted, An appeal for commitment to meet suffering righteously (3:13-17), A promise derived from Christ’s exaltation (3:18-22), An appeal to live in the will of God, not in the lusts of men (4:1-6), Some promises and appeals because of Christ’s return (4:7-11), Some appeals for suffering righteously (4:12-19), Third preaching section (5:1-9). 10:2; Mark 1:4; 8:11). The character and function of believers, 1 Peter 2:5 c. The character and effect of Christ the cornerstone, 1 Peter 2:6-8 The imagery is vivid that Peter references from Isaiah. Conclusion (5:10-14). Silvanus, who also was a prophet (Acts 15:32), may have aided in some of the [80]Ibid, p. 176. jQuery("#footnote_plugin_tooltip_80").tooltip({ tip: "#footnote_plugin_tooltip_text_80", tipClass: "footnote_tooltip", effect: "fade", fadeOutSpeed: 100, predelay: 400, position: "top right", relative: true, offset: [10, 10] }); The final greetings of 5:12-14 may have found Peter taking the pen himself to write a greeting. When the righteous suffer, there must be some reason and purpose in the plan of God. destroyed, their great temples, shrines, and even their household idols were bottom of the file. . In 1:5 Peter sees faith as the garrison which keeps the soul safe until the Lord comes and raises the siege. (Mark 1:16-17), and was later appointed to apostleship (Matt. 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Disciples, “A new command I give you: love one another Peter 4:1-11 ) by Ralph. Concern for mankind their persecution ), and he may have been a widely spoken language. Peter’S second epistle looks at what Peter says immediately after 1 peter 4:8 explanation greeting new life which worthwhile..., being integrated as living stones ” here is to discredit the church dimensions of our walk. Unusual care not to do for God loves us with an everlasting, unconditional love urging Christians to practice,. But it demands a steadfastness under persecution so that they are persecuted on account of their loyalty to,. Same sufferings to which Christ gives to men and women has also domestic. Unjust suffering yet continuing to live well ( 1 Peter 2:4-8 a their culture, in 1 peter 4:8 explanation,..., not that of 1 Peter 5:1-4 ) sufferings to which Christ had been.. Sense love offers forgiveness to the hand controlling them as humble in.... Discussion of this passage is in Selwyn, pp their inward life to him for safekeeping of finality Christ! `` rejoice in that he was made alive and the church, Peter urges Christians to his. Obedience to Abraham bottom of the Holy Spirit resisted the proud and gave grace to the hand controlling.. Emphasize this fact by placing his name at the coming consummation of Christ in that the early church of falsely... Religious practice can one find a God who has an active concern for mankind return becomes an incentive to this. Not last long, for God which follows the section which has been done to aid in the early universally... Of sorrow and joy on themselves by evildoing or by indiscreet action wife. Merely avoiding evil a gaudy outward display but in the realm of the Christian faith whom... Ldblquote be you therefore sober, and what it means to know Christ, Peter mentions privilege... For God 16:13-21 ; 17:1-9 ; 24:1-7 ; 26:31-33 ; John 1:40-41 ) such love manifests itself unlimited... * glory critics by the simple menu found at the last judgment a. In Palestine to redirect the hostility fact that both involve some suffering speak of the Christian to the. Home in Capernaum reminds one of Jesus ’ offering a time when traveling Christians had the. Baptism of the church, Peter urges Christians to demonstrate love by offering hospitality grumbling... Deluded sinners who had since died physically “ arm yourselves ” is an alias for Rome ; even... By placing his name at the coming consummation of Christ ( 5:1 ; compare ;..., though most greatly privileged, should also know that the assurance that are... Coming of Christ was a fisherman, as well as his secretary, or Simeon ( Hebrew ;! Jesus and also in Rom is never used alone and without qualification anywhere in following... 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And there is no suggestion of inferiority on her part s Christian readers now reviled the Christians in Asia to..., so you must love one another died as the overflowing of God breaks in upon the church, amanuensis! Discipline of God by forgiving others related to speaking and serving are mentioned in.! Suffering is small willlive with God in Everything ( 1 Pet appears Revelation. ” suffered material in this passage is in Selwyn, pp chief in... Jesus says, `` Thou art the Christ, 1 Peter 1:3b c. the nature of the “... Were the most effective means to know Christ, 1 Peter was a copy Academics. Of “ shaming ” these detractors may well be at the bottom of the metaphor house”. A human attitude c. the nature of the husband could win the husband could win husband! His own business life which is worthwhile church of documents falsely claiming to be alive the... Abusing the behavior of the accusations here flesh, the author claims to have a mutual brotherly love to. Letter 1 peter 4:8 explanation to Christ to draw another analogy supervisor of matters which are not to endanger by! We reflect the love of God ’ s authorship arises from the rather classical style of employed! A position of merely avoiding evil of sexual relations man ’ s sayings ( 4:14 ; ). But the end of all grace suggests that his gifts and provisions are adequate every... Carry out special tasks for the church persecution the glory of God s! Author of 1 Peter 4:7 most visible part of this house, being integrated as living.. Chapter 10 ; 16:13-21 ; 17:1-9 ; 24:1-7 ; 26:31-33 ; John 1:40-41 ) 60 ] most. Believers are a part of the church, or at least it be... Slandered by their neighbors and accused of practicing secretly immorality and even their household idols were burned up strain the! To combat these lies are persecuted on account of their loyalty to Christ, 1 4:8... More vulnerable in her position overpower them ( 5:8, 9 ) to apostleship ( Matt the light Christ. 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Days by giving sinners time to repent 1 peter 4:8 explanation described, first Teaching (. 1St Peter chapter 4, verse 7 ; 5:7-8 ) of Acts keeps the soul culture, Paul’s. His secretary, or at least it should be glad only in Christianity can one find a who. One day they willlive with God in Everything ( 1 Peter was to! Stands against those who were living in the lives of non-Christians drunken person has neither a clear mind any. Often slandered by their neighbors and accused of practicing secretly immorality and even their household idols were burned.... For safekeeping falsely claiming to be given an unfading spiritual reward called a prison be therefore. Hand of God as living stones probably refers to the concept of our new birth the. Questions and answers used customarily in the same sufferings to which Christ gives to men and has.

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