New growth usually has a bronze tinge. Height Spread; 2m. Ochna. Description Ochna grows as a shrub that is erect and woody up to about 1.5 m high. Walp, Potential Herbal Medicines and Drug Interactions, List of Understudied Philippine Medicinal Plants, List In vitro cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of five Ochna species (Ochnaceae) with excellent antibacterial activity / Tshepiso J. Makhafola, Lyndy J. McGaw, , Jacobus N. Eloff / South African Journal of Botany, Volume 91, March 2014, Pp 9–13 / doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2013.11.010 ... bird's-eye bush Ochna mossambicensis African bird's-eye bush Ochna serrulata Mickey Mouse plant Ochna thomasiana Thomas' bird's-eye bush Legal Status. Identify Plants. Leaves are simple, alternate, narrow-elliptic, up to 5 centimeters long, with finely serrate margins; blade is stiff and dark shiny green. The bark may be rough or smooth and may flake. Root decoction for children with bone disease. Places and Tours . Full Shade. Native to eastern South Africa, these plants are found in a variety of habitats, from forests to grasslands. The cytotoxicity of Ochna natalitia, O. pretoriensis, O. pulchra, O. gamostigmata, and O. serrulata (Ochnaceae) were determined in The second edition of an excellent guide to the edible uses of plants, though it does not give any details of cultivation etc. Walp. The order of activity of the species to the tested organisms was O. pretoriensis > O. pulchra > O. gamostigmata > O. serrulata > O. natalitia. It is medicinal as it is used to treat infections and magical as is used as an antidote to evil spirits. Usually planted as a specimen or accent. (2) Birds Eye Bush, Small-Leaved Plane, Carnival Ochna, Mickey Mouse Plant, Carnival Bush. Yellow flower petals drop very quickly after which the floral receptacle and 5 sepals become swollen and turn bright red. Also known as Carnival bush, this plant is a small semi-evergreen shrub. OCHNA serrulata. Height Spread; 2m. the name is derived from the Greek Ochne = wild pear; referring to the leaves that resemble those of the pear tree. summer. of Philippine Medicinal Plants with Chinese Names. Gen info Plants used medicinally are sometimes assumed to be safe but many are potentially toxic (Street et al., 2008). autumn. Ochna serrulata is a shrub that grows up to 1.5 meters high. South Africa. Ochna species are known to have antibacterial properties. Previous Names: Ochnaatropurpurea. winter. Ochna serrulata is a hardy, small, semi-deciduous shrub with glossy, mirror-like leaves that flush red in spring. This lovely Ochna serrulata is one of our indigenous shrubs It's early spring foliage is beautiful--pinkish bronze,turning to glossy green later. Compounds 2, 3, and 4 showed antimalarial activity with IC50s of 38.43, 26.52, and 40.72 µM, respectively. Ochna serrulata (Carnival Bush) sifubasenkhala, umvuma, Splints for bones fractures. Studies - No reported folkloric use in the Philippines. The lifespan of plants, just like humans, can vary quite dramatically according to the environmental conditions. Birds Eye Bush, Small-Leaved Plane, Carnival Ochna, Mickey Mouse Plant, Carnival Bush. Ochna natalitia is a hardy, semi-deciduous, large shrub with glossy leaves … Use. Study evaluated a methanol extract of pulverized roots got antimalarial activity against chloroquine-resiztant strains of Plasmodium falcifarum (FCR-3). of Family Ebenaceae and Ochna serrulata (Hochst.) Study Findings Ireland. (7) OCHNACEAE (Ochna family) • Medicinal / Folk-medicinal aspects: The traditional use of the bark or root of some species in the treatment of wounds and as a pain-relieving application has been recorded. Fleshy, one-seeded, 1/4” diameter, pear-shaped, green fruitlets (5-6 develop per calyx) mature to black by late summer at which point the calyx and fruitlets in some cases purportedly begin to resemble the face of Mickey Mouse (fruits resemble mouse ears), hence the sometimes used common name of Mickey Mouse plant. • Antibacterial: This shrub is now considered to be an invasive weed in some areas (e.g., Australia and New Zealand) primarily as a result of birds consuming the fruit and spreading the seed.Genus name comes from the Greek ochne meaning wild pear in reference to the fruit shape.Specific epithet from Latin serratus meaning saw-toothed in reference to the leaf margins. Ochna is a genus comprising 86 species of evergreen trees, shrubs and shrublets belonging to the family Ochnaceae.These species are native to tropical woodlands of Africa, the Mascarenes and Asia. Mickey Mouse Plant (Ochna serrulata) is named after the blackberries that resemble the face of Mickey Mouse. Distribution (1) (7) Planted in Philippine gardens; not widespread. Ochna natalitia (natal plane, carnival bush, ‘Micky Mouse’ bush) is a large shrub with glossy foliage and masses of yellow flowers which are followed by black seeds on red sepals. Uses Folkloric - Decoction of roots, branches and leaves used for wound healing. See more ideas about mickey mouse, mickey, plants. For more information see: Problems Common to Many Indoor Plants. This family of plants has been used as food and for medicinal purposes for many centuries. CHINESE: Wu jiao qie, Wu zhi … |Harnessing the healing properties of medicinal plants / Dr. Monica Ndoile it bears pale yellow flowers that appear in spring and are followed by black fruits with red, persistent sepals. Aromatic. More images of Micky Mouse Bush. Menu. The Plant List : Other vernacular names : BOLIVIAN: KU;bu;re, Pimento, Popatoa, Tetilla, Toro torito, Vaca vaquita. Flowers are large, up to 4 centimeters across, with yellowish green and persistent sepals, turning red in fruits; petals are yellow and 5-lobed; stamens are many. - Taxonomy: Ochna serrulata was first described by German naturalist Christian Ferdinand Friedrich Hochstetter, and Its binomial name was given by Wilhelm Gerhard Walpers. Introduction The reliance on medicinal plants as an alternative form of health care warrants scientific validation of their safety. Walp. Ochna serrulata / A Database of Indigenous South African Flora / Kumbula Indigenous Nursery No serious insect or disease problems. Description. Ochna integerrima is a deciduous shrub or tree that can grow up to 12 metres tall. The Plants Database includes the following 4 species of Ochna . (6) Antimalarial Biflavonoids from the Roots of Ochna serrulata (Hochst.) Uses Folkloric – No reported folkloric use in the Philippines. Study evaluated the antibacterial activity and number of antibacterial compounds in acetone leaf extracts of five Ochna species against S. aureus, E. faecalis and P. aeruginosa. In comparison, this species has relatively smaller leaves, 2-6 cm long, and are elongated or narrowly oval in shape, with smaller fragrant flowers, 2-3 cm across, that usually hang downwards. - In temperate regions, grown as greenhouse ornamental. Everything you need to know about Mickey Mouse Bush (Ochna serrulata), including propagation, ideal conditions and common pests and problems. Medicinal Rice P5H Formulations for Ochna Excess: Pankaj Oudhia's Medicinal Plant Database Movies Preview There’s a similar species, Ochna serrulata (Mickey Mouse Bush, Small-leaved Plane), a plant that is declared an environmental weed in Queensland and New South Wales, Australia. BRAZIL: Jurubeba-do-para, Peito-de-moca. Properties - Elsewhere, bark or root use for wound treatment; also, applied for pain relief. - Considered an invasive weed in some parts of Australia and New Zealand. Moderate care. Vernacular names Ochna. / Synonym / The Plant List Choose a country to see content specific to your location. In vitro cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of five Ochna species (Ochnaceae) with excellent antibacterial activity Tshepiso J. Makhafola, Lyndy J. McGaw ⁎, Jacobus N. Eloff Phytomedicine Programme, Department of Paraclinical Sciences, University of Pretoria, Private Bag X04, Onderstepoort 0110, South Africa a r t i c l e i n f o Roots medicinal for sterility. Structure, Activity and Synthesis of Bioflavonoids from Ochna serrulara (Hochst.) Ochna serrulata (commonly known as the small-leaved plane, carnival ochna, bird's eye bush, Mickey mouse plant or Mickey Mouse bush due to the plant's ripe blackfruit, which upside down resembles the ears of Mickey Mouse, and bright-red sepals, which resembles his trousers) is an ornamental garden plant in the family Ochnaceae which is indigenous to South Africa. (see constituents above) (9) An attractive shrub or small tree with narrow, elliptic, shiny leaves with serrated margins. Walp / Monica M. Ndoile and Fanie R. Van Heerden / International Research Journal of Pure & Applied Chemistry, 2018; 16(4): pp 1-9, Harnessing the healing properties of medicinal plants, Five Ochna species have high antibacterial activity and more than ten antibacterial compounds, Antioxidant, Allelopathic and Toxic Activity of Ochna serrulata, Antimalarial Biflavonoids from the Roots of Ochna serrulata (Hochst.) It has been grown in England since 1820. 2m. Min. ), Ilitye (Xhosa), Umbomvane (Zulu), Mickey mouse plant, Bird's eye bush In the RSA there are 2 genera and 13 species. The young spring foliage is a beautiful pinkish-bronze, maturing to glossy green. United Kingdom. Mickey mouse plant/ bush is a common name shared by (1) Ochna serrulata, bird's eye bush, and (2) Solanum mammosum, utong : Solanum mammosum is an accepted name. Flowering. Published on the internet. Additional Mickey mouse plant/ bush is a common name shared by (1) Ochna serrulata, bird's eye bush, and (2) Solanum mammosum, utong : Solanum mammosum is an accepted name. Medicinal uses: Family specific links: Ochnaceae in Southern Africa. USDA zone-12°C. Plants of Hawaii: Ochna serrulata. (5) RSA TreeNo. This prevalence on private property, their tendency to spread into bushland due to bird-attracting berries, and the difficulty involved in controlling them, has resulted in Ochna being declared one of Forster's "Big Bad Three" weeds. Before considering the potential therapeutic use of these extracts it is important to determine the safety of extracts. It is common on quartzite or granite hills, mostly on the northern side of koppies. The compounds showed not cytotoxicity against three different cancer cell lines tested. Ochna serrulata, commonly known as Mickey Mouse plant or carnival bush, is a small, loose, open, semi-evergreen shrub which typically grows to 4-8’ tall and 3-4’ wide. United States. Discover. Medicinal: Used to treat infections and gangrenous rectitis in traditional … - Native to South Africa. Keywords: Ochna; Cytotoxicity; Ames test; Safety of medicinal plants, Antibacterial activity 1. Cultivated. The profuse, bright yellow, scented flowers are borne from September to December. There’s a similar species, Ochna serrulata (Mickey Mouse Bush, Small-leaved Plane), a plant that is declared an environmental weed in Queensland and New South Wales, Australia. Minimum temperature. Ochna natalitia was the least toxic against all the cell lines, followed by Ochna gamostigmata, Ochna pretoriensis, Ochna pulchra and lastly Ochna serrulata. Availability Max. 8a-11b. Common names Mickey Mouse plant in English Mickey Mouse-plant in English Small-leaved Plane in language. Less frequently grown as a hedge. Family OCHNACEAE Genus Ochna Species natalitia SA Plant Number 481 Basionym Ochna natalitia. Tender. Bark medicinal. • Antimalarial Biflavonoids / Roots: Study of pulverized roots yielded three new bioflavonoids along with six known compounds. - In Thailand, root used for diarrhea and hallucination. Ochna multiflora B.S.Williams Ochna multiflora B.S.Williams ex Rob. Moderate care. Fragrant 5-petaled yellow flowers with numerous yellow center stamens bloom on short lateral branches from spring to early summer. Mickey Mouse plant (Ochna serrulata) is named not for the leaves or blooms, but for the black berries that resemble the face of Mickey Mouse. Ocimum americanum var. autumn. Ochna pulchra grows in open woodland and bush, and often found in Sour Veld, in sandy soils (it is common on dunes in the northern Kalahari). Root decoction for children with bone disease. Family: Ochnaceae. Knowledge and Plant ID. O. natalitia while having some of these properties, would probably not be as useful as some species, such as O. pretoriensis, O. gamostigmata and O. pulchra which have been recorded to have substantial antibacterial activity. Expected size. Ochna serrulata is a hardy, small, semi-deciduous shrub with glossy, mirror-like leaves that flush red in spring. It is also larval host plant to some moth species. Ochna integerrima is a medicinal and ornamental plant, is widely distributed in Southeast Asia areas. Botany Ndoile’s research epitomises the fusion of indigenous knowledge and wisdom with modern scientific understanding. Partitioning of an EA fraction yielded epicatechin, which showed potential antioxidant activity. The plant with shiny green leaves blooms in sweet smelling yellow flowers. Study Compound 1 showed antimalarial activity with IC50 11.46 µM. 8 comments on “Ochna serrulata” Glenice Ebedes says: 2nd June 2020 at 9:36 am Hi Erne. spring. This prevalence on private property, their tendency to spread into bushland due to bird-attracting berries, and the difficulty involved in controlling them, has resulted in Ochna being declared one of Forster's "Big Bad Three" weeds. The parallel lateral veins are close together. - Studies have suggested antibacterial, antimalarial, cytotoxic, non-mutagenic properties. It is native to the eastern provinces of South Africa where it occurs in a number of different habitats including forest margins, forested areas, open rocky slopes and grassland. From spring to early summer, fragrant yellow flowers bloom at the branch tips and provide an excellent floral show. Starr … Medicinal plants and pharmaceutical drugs may be therapeutic at one dose and toxic at another (McGaw et al., 2007). Ochna serrulata was the third most commonly found weed on private properties during the noxious and environmental weed inspections in Forster in 2013.. The petals turn red with black berries suspended from these petals. Noteworthy Characteristics. - Etymology: Ochna, of Greek origin from the word Ochne means 'wild pear'; serrulata, of Latin origin from the word serrula means 'little saw' referring to the fine-toothed margins of the leaves. #PolliNationSA. The taller specimens are generally found near river banks, whilst small shrubs are more common near seashores Ochna serrulata ; Ochna natalitia. Ochnaceae Ochna serrulata Walp. (4) The extracts were almost equally toxic to all three cell lines with LC 50 values ranging from 0.026 to 0.099 mg/ml. Mickey mouse bush An attractive shrub or small tree with narrow, elliptic, shiny leaves with serrated margins. Stem and root bark methanol crude extracts showed high activity against Gram-positive bacteria viz., E. coli, B. subtilis, S. aureus … It is the larval host plant of the Karkloof Emperor and the Marieps Emperor butterflies. Bird's eye bush is a common name shared by both, Mickey mouse plant is a common name shared by (1). Members are shrubs or trees. Native to eastern South Africa, these plants are found in a variety of habitats, from forests to grasslands. The fruit of Ochna serrulata has been used in traditional African medicine to treat diseases that attacks one’s bones. Ochna serrulata Name Synonyms Diporidium serrulatum Hochst. The plant is suitable for growing in climates where temperatures never drop below 27 degrees F. or -2 degrees C. • Non-Mutagenic: Five Ochna species, including Ochna serrulata, were evaluated for cytotoxicity in monkey kidney (Vero) cells, human hepatocellular carcinoma (C3A) cells and bovine dermis cells using the mitochondrial viability MTT assay. 2.6 Medicinal uses of plants of Ochnaceae family 18 2.7 Medicinal uses of Ochna species 19 2.8 Phytochemical and Biological Activities of the Genus Ochna 22 2.9 Kenyan Ochna species 35 CHAPTER THREE METHODOLOGY 39 3.1 Plant collection and processing 39 3.2 Reagents 39 OCHNACEAE (Ochna family) • Medicinal / Folk-medicinal aspects: The traditional use of the bark or root of some species in the treatment of wounds and as a pain-relieving application has been recorded. Approximately 60-80% of the South African population relies on traditional herbal medicine for their primary health care needs (Mander, 1998). PDF | On Dec 1, 2010, Muhammad Ajaib and others published Diospyros malabarica (Desr.) summer. Ochna serrulata Walp. (5) / Max. Ochna serrulata is host to the larva of the Karkloof Emperor and Marieps Emperor, unfortunately neither is found in Gauteng. Ochna – O. sect. (6) It comes from the east of South Africa, and is a good"bird" shrub. Homonyms Ochna serrulata Walp. It is common on quartzite or granite hills, mostly on the northern side of koppies. Read the label carefully before use. Submitted by Evergreen Nursery on Thu, 11/12/2009 - 4:20pm. Ochna natalitia (Natal Plane) lincedza, sifubasenkhala, umhlabelo, umvuma, Splints for bones fractures. Leaves are simple, alternate, narrow-elliptic, up to 5 centimeters long, with finely serrate margins; blade is stiff and dark shiny green. Wetland Status. the name is derived from the Greek Ochne = wild pear; referring to the leaves that resemble those of the pear tree. Tender. Common Names Showy Plane, Mickey-mouse plant, Wild Plane (english) Pronkrooihout (afrikaans) Mbovu (zulu) Isibomvu (xhosa) Taxonomy. Missouri Botanical Garden. Ndoile’s particular research focus was the structure, synthesis and biological activities of anti-cancer compounds isolated in the medicinal plant Ochna serrulata, commonly known as the Mickey Mouse bush. Parts utilized It is the larval host plant of the Karkloof Emperor and the Marieps Emperor butterflies. (8) Flowering. Starr 080313-3393 Ochna … – Zulu people of South Africa use the decoction of roots to treat children suffering from bone diseases or gangrenous inflammation of the rectum. Leaves are up to 5 cm long, narrow and glossy with serrated margins. Common names: Carnival Ochna, Carnival Redwood, Small-leaf Plane, Mickey Mouse bush. Ochna or Mickey Mouse plant Ochna serrulata Invasive plant. Starr 080313-3397 Ochna serrulata by Forest & Kim Starr (CC BY 3.0) Micky Mouse Bush Overview A very pretty ornamental shrub that attracts the eye in the garden with its bright red sepals and black fruit which resembles the face of Mickey Mouse. Ochna serrulata Also known as Small-Leaved Plane, Carnival Bush, Carnival Ochna, Birds Eye Bush, Fynblaarrooihout (Afr. 2003. Group: Dicot: Family: Ochnaceae: Genus: Ochna: Species: Ochna serrulata (Hochst.) Full Shade. This plant has no fragrance . Sources and Suggested Readings Antioxidant, Allelopathic and Toxic Activity of Ochna serrulata / Guilherme Colla, Mariana Andrade Silva, Gustavo Silva Queiroz, Llenes M C Brighente / LATIN AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY, May 2011; 30(4): pp 809-813 Bark, roots, fruit. Ndoile’s particular research focus was the structure, synthesis and biological activities of anti-cancer compounds isolated in the medicinal plant Ochna serrulata, commonly known as the Mickey Mouse bush. Parts used Roots, branches, leaves. Accessed: 15 August 2019. It has been grown in England since 1820. In comparison, this species has relatively smaller leaves, 2-6 cm long, and are elongated or narrowly oval in shape, with smaller fragrant flowers, 2-3 cm across, that usually hang downwards. (8) long (7 cm). The young spring foliage is a beautiful pinkish-bronze, maturing to glossy green. Is 6 - 16cm in diameter reliance on medicinal plants are found in a variety of habitats from. Have suggested Antibacterial, antimalarial, cytotoxic, non-mutagenic properties natural, they are safe bloom:! Allelopathic activity on DPPH and reducing assays usually hairless one ’ s bones sifubasenkhala, umvuma, Splints for fractures... Be therapeutic at one dose and toxic at another ( McGaw et al., 2008 ) terpenoids as secondary! Showed antimalarial activity with IC50s of 38.43, 26.52, and is 6 - 16cm in diameter is to! 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